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Pearl - Birthstone for June.
The Pearl is associated with loyalty, faithfulness and friendship & Traditional Metaphysical Properties for the June Birthstone Pearl are modesty, chastity and purity.
Its healing properties relate to the heart, spleen, stomach, intestine & ulcer problems and the Pearl is also used to enhance personal integrity.
The traditional colour associated with the Pearl is a milky white & was strongly favored as a popular gem in Victorian jewelry, they come in a wide variety of colors ranging from white to black. The colour of a pearl might be classed as white, silver, cream-colored, gold, green, blue or black.
The word Pearl is derived from the Latin word "pirum" which means "pear" which reflects the shape of the gem. A smooth lustrous round structure having a brilliant luster, with varying tints, found inside the shell of a mollusk such as a clam or oyster, it's made due to secretions of a shelly substance around some irritating foreign particle. Its substance is the same as nacre, or mother-of-pearl.
Pearls which are round, or nearly round, and of fine luster, are highly esteemed as jewels, and compare in value with precious stones. Real pearls are made by oysters or other mollusks whilst imitation pearls are man-made. Cultured pearls are made by mollusks but with human intervention (an irritant introduced into their shells causes a pearl to grow).
A good sized pearl can take between five to eight years to form, which is usually the entire life of the oyster or mollusk. The cost depends on the size & the coating, or “nacre”, on a real pearl which gives it its iridescence.